Conceptual Reference Database for Building Envelope Research Prev
Related Concept
  • envelope materials

  • Related Articles
  • BIA - Brick Industry Association:
  • moisture problem with brick: Brick industry also has moisture trouble
  • Canadian housing export market brief / CMHC
  • Drainage Planes and Airspaces
  • brick hygrothermal properties: MOIST 3 property data
  • Moisture storage mechanisms
  • References related to brick ( before - 1994)
  • RILEM tube: measurement of water absorption of masonry walls
  • Solar driven moisture in brick veneer

  • Concept:

    brick, masonry, mortar

    "The history of clay brick is as long as it took human beings realise that in the magical combination of earth, air, fire and water, they had at their fingertips a unique and durable building medium. Sun-dried bricks go back to at least 13 000 BC, though kiln-fired bricks were first produced during the Bronze Age - around 3 000 B C.

    Less than a year from the arrival of Van Riebeeck at the Cape, the first kiln of ˇ°hard, red Cape Bricksˇ± was fired. By the time of the first British occupation in 1795, the clay brick tradition in Southern Africa was well established.

    In Europe there are brick buildings still standing that date back to the 12th century - over 8000 years old. Modern brick-making techniques produce bricks that are even more durable. When you build in clay brick, you build to last - for centuries." by This link was checked on Dec. 2006Clay Brick Association

    "Brick veneers pose a special challenge in wall design and performance because they are reservoir cladding systems. When they get wet from rain, they act like a reservoir or sponge. The wet bricks can then get heated above the ambient temperature by solar radiation, creating a powerful inward-acting concentration gradient and thermal gradient. These gradients are exacerbated by air conditioning (cooling and dehumidifying the interior)." (This link was broken when checked on Dec. 2006source)

    The This link has not been checked.Brick Industry Association: provides many fundamental information, and latest development.



    This link was broken when checked on Dec. 20061927 Fire Destroyed Tecumseh College

    This link was checked on Dec. 2006Hanson Brick, a NA supplier

    Brick: ASTM C-62, C216, C652 for building brick, facing brick and hollow brisk,

    Mortars: ASTM C-270

    This link was broken when checked on Dec. 2006Durable Masonry- Related Publications - Rehabilitation of Masonry Wall Assemblies, gave several IRC publications

    Web Links (2): Notes
      This link was broken when checked on Dec. 2006Buildcore - Building product information for Canada
      " the Canadian standard in construction and building product information - helping the Canadian building and design community leverage its time and expertise to develop accurate construction documents", 12,000 building products available in Canada

      This link was checked on Dec. 2006Pathology of building envelopes
      Pathology of building envelopes: restoration and durability of masonry construction: resources and bibliography

    Related References (14)
    Analysis of brick veneer walls on wood frame construction subjected to out-of-plane loads, by Reneckis, D., Lafave, J. M., 2005
    Anchored brick veneer wood frame construction, by Brick Industry Association, 1991
    brick veneer on wood frame
    Anchored brick veneer wood frame construction, by Brick Industry Association, 1991
    Evaluation and improvement frost durability of clay bricks, by Koroth, S., 1997
    frost durability
    Evaluation and improvement frost durability of clay bricks, by Koroth, S., 1997
    Full scale tests of brick veneer steel stud walls - strength and rain penetration, by Drysdale, R. G. and Michael J., 1997
    Heat-air-moisture design of masonry cavity walls: theoretical and experimental results and practice, by Hens, H. and Fatin, A.M, 1995
    Hygro-thermal performance of hollow bricks and current standards, by Bondi, P. and Stefanizzi, P., 2001
    Leaking brick-clad walls: causes, prevention, and repair, by Beasley, K.J, 1990
    Manufacturing, classification, and selection of brick - classification, part 2, by BIA, 1989
    Monitoring the hygrothermal performance of a masonry wall with and without thermal insulation, by Maurenbrecher, A. H. P., Rousseau, M. Z., Said, M. N. and Shirtliffe, C. J., 1998
    Overview of building code requirements for masonry structures (ACI 530-02/ASCE 5-02/TMS 402-02) and Specification for Masonry Structures (ACI 530.1-02/ASCE 6-02/TMS 602-02), by BIA, 2002
    Performance prediction for masonry walls with EIFS using calculation procedures and laboratory testing, by Hens, H. and J. Carmeliet, 2002
    Review of factors affecting the durability of repointing mortars for older masonry, by Maurenbrecher, A. H. P., Trischuk, K. J. and Rousseau, M. Z., 2001

    CRDBER, at CBS, BCEE, ENCS, Concordia,